Hacking Into History: Race, History and Restrictive CovenantsPDF
Andrew Wagner presented at the North Carolina Bar Association's Real Property Section program, "Title, Title and More Title." His session was "Hacking into History: Race, History and Restrictive Covenants."
Race-based restriction language in covenants is no longer enforceable, and its existence remains a reminder of discrimination for people of color. Wagner and his fellow presenters walked through the public-private partnership being used by the Durham County Register of Deeds Office to identify homeowners' association covenants with a history of race-based restrictions and the active steps being taken to strike the language.